Basic Foundation in Multiplication and Division to 6-years-old

Why start so early with multiplication and division?

Many children struggle to learn these concepts at school. Kids who struggle with math think it’s hard and assume that they just aren’t good at it. By giving your child a basic foundation early on, they may avoid this struggle and may think that math is actually easy to learn.

It might take your child a long time to understand these concepts, but since they are starting early, there is no need to hurry. With regular exposure, most kids will eventually understand and be able to solve simple problems on their own.

Division

When you start teaching division to your child you should introduce division as being a sharing operation where objects are shared (or divided) into a number of groups of equal number.

Division Activities

Divide with Cubes

Materials:

  • Flashcards with the division
  • Cubes (or blocks)

How to play:

Give your child cubes or blocks and the flashcard with the division you’ll be working on. Start with simple equations like 10 divided by 2, so they will represent the numbers with the cubes and it will be easier to solve the problem.

division (1)

Basic Division Cooking

Materials:

  • Chocolate chips (or beads if you don’t want real food)
  • Muffin pan

How to play:

Ask your kid to imagine himself/herself cooking muffins. They will have to divide a specific amount of chocolate chips among the muffins they’ll be cooking. For example, we have 12 chocolate chips and will be only making 4 muffins. How many chocolate chips each muffin can have?

division

Multiplication

Multiplication is adding a number to itself multiple times. An easy way to explain this to your kid is by showing ‘groups of’ a number of objects, and referring to it the same way. For example – there are 4 groups of 2 apples (that is, 4 lots of 2 apples).

Multiplication Activities

Manipulative Board

Materials:

  • Plastic Cups
  • Flashcards with multiplications
  • Cotton balls

How to play:

In the first column, it can be seen that the numbers are numbered pieces that can be substituted to work the different equations and that represent the number of cottons that we will put in each glass. The second factor is fixed in the mural and indicates the number of containers (repetitions of the first factor). In this way, the count of cotton balls that we introduce in the glasses of each row, will give us the result of the product.

mural

Easy Cube Multiplication

Materials:

  • Cubes
  • 2 Dices
  • 6 Construction Paper Squares

How to play:

To make it a game, I pulled out two dice and a set of six construction paper squares.  The first die he rolled told us how many squares to set out.  The second die told us how many cubes to put on each square.  We counted the cubes and wrote the multiplication facts.

multiplication

Diving into equations (by me)

Materials:

  • Shells
  • Multiplication cards

How to play:

Using the multiplication cards and some shells, you can ask your kid to accomplish the equation by using the shells as the real quantity.

WhatsApp Image 2017-07-30 at 5.16.04 PM.jpeg

Bibliography

http://teachbesideme.com/fun-ways-to-teach-division-to-kids/

http://www.actiludis.com/2016/12/20/65068/

http://www.themeasuredmom.com/math-activities-unifix-cubes/

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