Learning Shapes: 5-years-old kids

Building Knowledge of Shapes

Like letters, numbers come from the combination of different lines and shapes. A strong understanding of shapes can help preschoolers better recognize the numbers and how they look. Number recognition is an early math skill preschoolers need before they can move on to more advanced math skills, such as addition. The shapes themselves fall under the geometry standards of math.

Feed the hungry shape monster


  • pieces of cardboard
  • ready-mix paints
  • googly eyes
  • glue
  • scissors

How to play:

Simply paint the cardboard in as many colors as you like, using one per 2D shape that you wish to create. Once the paint was dry cut those shapes out and made them different sizes. Out of some larger pieces of the same painted card cut one large shape of each, then a correspondingly shaped hole to represent a mouth. Add some googly eyes to turn them into hungry shape monsters, ready to eat up their favorite shapes! Mixed up all of the shape cards and put them in a little tray, then set out the hungry shape monsters ready to sort through and feed them all!




  • Geoboard (you can create it using a small bulletin board and push pins)
  • Rubber bands
  • Shapes Flashcards

How to play:

There are two options here. Students could use a shape flashcard and create it on the geoboard or take a geoboard picture card and try to recreate it. Afterward, free exploration on the geoboards leads to lots of great learning too!


Building with shapes


  • Craft foam in various colors and shapes
  • Liquid Glue
  • Cardboard

How to play:

Using the different shapes of craft foam ask them to create whatever they want. (like in the picture trucks) When it’s done paste it to the cardboard to keep it.


Shape Art


  • Cardboard
  • Contact Paper
  • Paint
  • Scissors
  • Paint brushes

How to play:

Using a permanent marker to draw on the contact paper different shapes and then cut them. In the cardboard, the child will paste the contact paper shapes wherever they want. This is a part where an adult’s help comes in handy, rub the stickers after they had been stuck on the cardboard. Then, let them paint the cardboard and when they’re done let it dry. Finally peeled off the contact paper to reveal our shape art.


Highlight the shapes (by me)


  • Highlighter
  • Shape playdough mats

How to play:

You can easily download playdough mats and choose the one you like the most, then laminate them and you’re ready to play. Give your child a highlighter and ask him to trace the figures, it will make it easier for them to draw them by themselves later.







Introducing Measurments in Pre-K (3-4 year old kids)

How to make mathematics easier for them?

Make it fun! At this age, learning should be fun. When you are reviewing math at home with your children, make it exciting. Get them involved. When doing problems on paper, let them make some decisions. What kind of fruit should be on the tree? Would they like to draw the problems? Keep each time short and fun.


Measuring is an abstract concept for preschoolers, but they can learn measuring if you use simple, hands-on methods. Stress the reasons why we measure things along with the how. We measure things to compare them, to track changes or so another person can understand them.


Make a Balance


  • Hanger
  • Yarn
  • Plastic Cups

How to play:

Create a simple balance using two plastic cups attached to three strands of yarn each and hung from a child’s plastic hanger. The balance can be hung from any place you want. Then, you can measure whatever you want to see which object are heavier or how many do you need to match it.


Size Hunt


  • None

How to play:

Take the children on a nature walk “size hunt” to find things in the outdoor environment of different sizes. Ask them for something smaller than our fingernail, bigger than our hand, longer than our arm, smaller than our foot, bigger than our whole body, larger than a leaf, smaller than a house, etc.


Cookie Cutters Sizes


  • Different Cookie Cutters

How to play:

Many cookie cutters can be found that come nested in a variety of sizes. You can often find them for different holidays, for example, of pumpkins and hearts. Children simply put them in order from smallest to largest. To clean up, they must “nest” them in correct size order.


The Line Up


  • Objects like: Pencils, pens, crayons, glues, erasers, paint brushes, rulers, spoons, forks, candles, etc.
  • Tray

How to play:

Give your child several objects in disorder and then ask him to sort them by size in the tray. Make sure he’s not putting them out of order.

line up

Measure everything! (by me)


  • A piece of yarn

How to play:

Using a piece of yarn ask your child to measure everything around the house, to see what’s bigger or smaller or larger. It can be really fun the process of measuring things.






Basic Foundation in Multiplication and Division to 6-years-old

Why start so early with multiplication and division?

Many children struggle to learn these concepts at school. Kids who struggle with math think it’s hard and assume that they just aren’t good at it. By giving your child a basic foundation early on, they may avoid this struggle and may think that math is actually easy to learn.

It might take your child a long time to understand these concepts, but since they are starting early, there is no need to hurry. With regular exposure, most kids will eventually understand and be able to solve simple problems on their own.


When you start teaching division to your child you should introduce division as being a sharing operation where objects are shared (or divided) into a number of groups of equal number.

Division Activities

Divide with Cubes


  • Flashcards with the division
  • Cubes (or blocks)

How to play:

Give your child cubes or blocks and the flashcard with the division you’ll be working on. Start with simple equations like 10 divided by 2, so they will represent the numbers with the cubes and it will be easier to solve the problem.

division (1)

Basic Division Cooking


  • Chocolate chips (or beads if you don’t want real food)
  • Muffin pan

How to play:

Ask your kid to imagine himself/herself cooking muffins. They will have to divide a specific amount of chocolate chips among the muffins they’ll be cooking. For example, we have 12 chocolate chips and will be only making 4 muffins. How many chocolate chips each muffin can have?



Multiplication is adding a number to itself multiple times. An easy way to explain this to your kid is by showing ‘groups of’ a number of objects, and referring to it the same way. For example – there are 4 groups of 2 apples (that is, 4 lots of 2 apples).

Multiplication Activities

Manipulative Board


  • Plastic Cups
  • Flashcards with multiplications
  • Cotton balls

How to play:

In the first column, it can be seen that the numbers are numbered pieces that can be substituted to work the different equations and that represent the number of cottons that we will put in each glass. The second factor is fixed in the mural and indicates the number of containers (repetitions of the first factor). In this way, the count of cotton balls that we introduce in the glasses of each row, will give us the result of the product.


Easy Cube Multiplication


  • Cubes
  • 2 Dices
  • 6 Construction Paper Squares

How to play:

To make it a game, I pulled out two dice and a set of six construction paper squares.  The first die he rolled told us how many squares to set out.  The second die told us how many cubes to put on each square.  We counted the cubes and wrote the multiplication facts.


Diving into equations (by me)


  • Shells
  • Multiplication cards

How to play:

Using the multiplication cards and some shells, you can ask your kid to accomplish the equation by using the shells as the real quantity.

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Patterns For 3 Year-old Kids

What Does Algebra Looks Like in Early Years?

It is never too early to start thinking in terms of algebra. Is not that you are going to ask your child of 2 years to solve an algebraic equation, but you can give your son or daughter a solid foundation of algebraic thinking.

Algebra in the early years creates the necessary bases for current and future mathematics learning.


Studies found some interconnected concepts that helps the child develop appropriate and that are very applicable to early education, the first one patterns. Patterns serve as the cornerstone of algebraic thinking.

Working with patterns invites young children to identify relationships and form generalizations. As the name infers, repeating patterns contain a segment that continuously recurs. The segment can vary in size and level of complexity, but the simplest includes just two items.

How can you practice patterns at home? Easy! Here you have some examples you can do at home.

Move The Blocks


  • Blocks (make sure they’re of different colors)

How to play:

You don’t need anything else but blocks, so it’s really easy to work this one. You can propose to your child a pattern and ask him to repeat it. Ex: red-blue-red-blue. Or after you have try this one, ask him/her to create their own. When they have dominated two items pattern try for more.


Fruit Loops Patterns


  • Yarn
  • Fruit Loops

How to play:

Practice patterning the fun way—by playing with your food! Using a Fruit Loop-type cereal and yarn, help your preschooler create crunchy, edible patterns. Start with a simple ABC pattern and work your way to more complicated patterns as she works on small motor skills and her understanding of patterns. And she can nibble while she works.


Scooping and Pouring


  • 2 bowls
  • Bottle (it can be glass but best plastic)
  • Scoops
  • Rice
  • Food Coloring (at least 2 colors)

How to play:

First, you’ll need to dye the rice, a few cups for each color.  I split a five-pound bag of rice in half and dyed one-part Color 1 and the other Color 2 using a few drops of food coloring. Set the bowls of rice, the bottle in a large carpet or box. (to avoid the mess) Put the scoops in the bowls of rice and invite your preschoolers to come and make patterns while they play!


Marshmallow Patterns


  • Paint
  • Bowls
  • Marshmallows
  • Paper

How to play:

Try making patterns using marshmallows, it is a ton of fun plus students are strengthening their claw grasp when they stamp the marshmallows. If your marshmallows are too squishy, leave them out over night to dry out. Students made AB, AABB, ABC, and ABB patterns.


Rainbow sticks (by me)


  • Cloth pins
  • Ice cream sticks

How to play:

First paint the cloth pins and ice cream sticks of the colors you want, make sure you paint more sticks so the kid can repeat the pattern. In a big stick clamp the cloth pins in certain order and ask the kid to repeat it using the sticks of the same colors.








How To Teach Number Sense To Kids Of 4 Years


How Children Learn Mathematics?

Is important to know that children create or recreate mathematical relationships in their own minds and interpret it in relation to what is already know or believed. That’s why children MUST be active in the learning experience to fully understood the experience. Teachers and mothers who use the constructivist method of teaching encourage discovery learning and active experimentation.

How can you do it? By letting the child have more active experiences and not just writing on paper inorder to learn. It’s easier for them to learn the concepts when they are more tangible.

What’s number sense?

Number sense is the ability to understand relationships between single items and groups of items. It lets us to know that seven means one group of seven items.

Also lets us to understand symbols that represent quantities. For instance, 7 means the same thing as seven. As our number sense develops, we’re able to make number comparisons. For example, 12 is greater than 10, and 4 is half of 8.

Kids need number sense to do math operations. They have to be able to manipulate quantities when they add, subtract, multiply and divide.

Activities for 4-year-old kids

  1. Playdough Bubble Gum


  • Playdough Mats
  • Playdough

How to play:

If you want to do this easy activity at home you can either draw it or download the printable and print it. Teach your children how to make “snakes” with their playdough. They can form the numbers and make sets with balls of playdough to match.


  1. Worm Handprint Art


  • Worm Printable
  • Paint

How to play:

The children will be working on worm printable. Each worm has a number at the beginning so, they will have to use paint create the rest of the body according to that number.

Fingerprint Counting Activities[4]

  1. Squishy Mats


  • Ziploc Bag
  • Hair gel
  • Food Coloring

How to play:

In a Ziploc bag squeeze in some hair gel. Add a few drops of food coloring, and seal the bag at the top with tape. Let the children practice forming the numbers using their fingers or a cotton swab.  They can practice formation without worrying on mistakes the way they do while practicing on paper.


  1. Table Games for Math


  • Uno Cards
  • Domino Pieces

How to play:

It’s really simple, take an Uno Card read it and then look for that number in the domino pieces. You can either use just one piece or more pieces to get the same result. Ex: 8 (It can be one piece that has 8 dots or two pieces with 4 dots each)


Feed the Animals (by me)


  • Bingo Animal Cards
  • Numbers Flashcards
  • Pasta shells

How to play:

Give your child the bingo animal cards and ask him to feed the numbers of animals according to the flash card, so they match the number with the quantity.




Sorting Colors For 2-3 Years Old Kids

Early Math Concepts

You can observe how children start using math skills in their daily routines and activities even before someone teaches them how. These skills are important for being ready to school and other everyday interactions.

Early childhood education should be introducing simple mathematical concepts and can start at home if you want. We will be working on informal activities that can give children a head start to learn math at home. In this case, sorting colors for kids from 2 to 3 years old.

Why Sorting?

Sorting is an early math skill. By sorting, children understand that objects of their environment are alike and different as well as that they can be organized in groups by their characteristics, such as color, size, shape, texture and more. Practicing sorting at an early age is important for developing numerical concepts and grouping numbers and sets when they’re older.

As children begin to master their sorting skills, they’ll try more complex activities, beginning to classify objects by one characteristic and then by more than one.

Ideas for Sorting

  1. Button Sorting Cup


  • Cups with lids
  • Buttons of different colors
  • Utility Knife (just for cutting the lids not to play)

How to play:

Before you play, cut a small opening in every lid. Make sure the hole is big enough to slip a button in to. Now you can show your child how to slip the buttons into each cup.  Encourage the child to match the color of the buttons to the matching color cup.  They can also practice counting as they slip each button into a cup. *While they are working on their fine motor skills.


  1. Pin The Tail On The Bunny


  • Bunnies of different colors
  • Pom poms of the same colors
  • Velcro

How to play:

Print bunny printables and laminate them (not necessary), once they are ready past piece of Velcro to the bottom of each bunny. Also, paste Velcro on one side of the pom poms and you’re done!

You can paste with masking tape the bunnies to the wall and have the pom poms on the table. Then, ask the child to match each pomp om with the same color of bunny.


  1. Fine Motor Rainbow


  • Floral foam
  • Pipe cleaners of different colors
  • Beads of different colors

How to play:

It’s really easy, all you need is to put on a box a floral foam and on top in a row the pipe cleaners of different colors. Then, the child should insert the beads in the pipe cleaners according to their color. This is a great activity to work both math and fine motor skills.


  1. Sorting with Recyclable Materials


  • Toilet Paper Rolls
  • Paint
  • Plastic Bowls
  • Pom poms
  • Masking Tape

How to play:

For this activity, you can recycle some toilet paper rolls from your own home. You need to paint each roll of a different color, if you want to involve the child ask he/she to help you painting them. Once they are dry, paste the rolls to a wall and below them paste the bowls. Finally, ask the child to insert the pom pom of the same color through the correct roll.


    5. Practice, practice, practice (by me)


  • Ice cream sticks
  • Paint
  • cups*


How to play:

At this point your kid will have mastered the subject, now it is a matter of practice. First you have to take the ice cream sticks wash them and once they’re dry paint them with the colors you want and finally cut the sticks into little pieces. Then let your child sort them by color, really easy and cheap activity to do at home.